Tuscany is arguably Italy's most famous region, on par with must-see cities like Venice and Rome. It is not a small region, and there's more variety within its borders than you might expect.
Well-known cities like Florence and Pisa sit in the middle of Tuscany, along with Siena, San Gimignano, and Lucca. It is inland Tuscany that we're most familiar with, those quintessential rolling hills dappled by that so often written about Tuscan sun. But there's also a long coastline to Tuscany, stretching along the Tyrrhenian Sea—an area known as the Maremma.
There are mountains as you get further away from the coast, but the majority of Tuscany is hilly. It's an agricultural region, producing grains, rice, vegetables, and grapes that get transformed into delicious wine, and of course, tourism is a huge part of the Tuscan economy.
There are six UNESCO sites in Tuscany, including the historic centers of Florence, Siena, and San Gimignano, and in addition to ancient Roman ruins, there are also Etruscan archaeological sites in Tuscany.
High-speed trains serve the Tuscan capital, Florence, and regional trains connect most other cities and towns in the region.
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